Loose skin: Commonly known as "Turkey neck" this occurs as skin loses elasticity and in cases where individuals have lost a great deal of weight.
Fat: A pool of fat under also can cause sagging and can give the appearance of bloating.
Banding: As the muscles of the neck weaken with age, the vertical cords of the tissue begin to stretch out of shape, causing unsightly bands around the neck.
Both ageing types, extrinsic and intrinsic, influence the loss of firmness and sagging of the skin.
INTRINSIC AND EXTRINSIC CAUSES:
Hormones: More accentuated in women due to menopause, and the reduction of estrogen. Environmental factors such as pollution and exposure to ultraviolet radiations.
Loss of fat tissue: The epidermis begins to sag when the fat in the subcutaneous layers is reduced.
Renewal of the cells: The cells start to renew more slowly, and the cells in the dermis stop making collagen and elastin like before.
Shrinking Bones: The bones keep changing their contour as we age making us look older.
Saggy skin is also takes place due to the following habits:
- Poor diet
- Lack of exercise
- Lack of sleeping
Dos and Don'ts
Apply sunscreen in the open
Exercise the jaw, neck and throat muscles
Over-apply skin creams and ointments with harsh chemicals
How to prevent skin sagging?
The sun rays play a major role in prematurely ageing of skin. Our dermatologist offers patients the following tips:-
Protect your skin from the sun every day: One can protect skin by seeking shade, covering up with clothing, and using sunscreen that is broad-spectrum, SPF 50 or higher, and water-resistant.
STOP SMOKING: Smoking greatly speeds up how quickly skin ages. It causes wrinkles and a dull, sallow complexion.
Don’t fall prey to repetitive facial expressions: With every facial expression, you contract the underlying muscles. If you repeatedly contract the same muscles for many years, these lines become permanent. Wearing sunglasses can help reduce lines by squinting.
Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet: Eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables may help prevent damage that leads to premature skin ageing. Carbohydrates and sugar intake can also expedite ageing.
Cut down alcohol intake: Alcohol is rough on the skin and expedites ageing.
Exercise:Moderate exercise improves circulation and boosts the immune system.
Cleanse your skin gently: Scrubbing your skin gently can irritate the skin. Irritating the skin accelerates skin ageing. Gentle washing helps to remove pollution, makeup, and other substances without irritating your skin.
Wash your face twice a day and after sweating gently: Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, irritates the skin, so you want to wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating.
Moisturize every day: Moisturizer hydrates the skin, giving it a more youthful appearance.
Be cautious about skin care products that sting or burn: When your skin burns or stings, it means your skin is irritated.
Non- invasive skin tightening procedures:
You won't have a puncture wound, incision, or raw skin after a non-invasive procedure. You may see temporary redness and swelling, but that's usually the only sign that you had undergone a procedure.
Non-invasive skin tightening procedure:
Ultrasound: Dermatologists are using ultrasound to send heat deep into the skin to produce more collagen. After one session, most patients see modest lifting and tightening within 2 to 6 months.
Radiofrequency: During this treatment, a device is placed against your skin, which heats the tissue. In 1 treatment, one may feel some tightening right away. It takes time for your body to make collagen, so you'll see the optimum results in about 6 months. Some people benefit from having multiple 4-6 treatments.